Stress and gripes, not Taliban, drive Afghan insider attacks: NATO
Căng thẳng và buồn bực, chứ không phải Taliban, là nguyên cớ của các vụ tấn công nội bộ: điều tra của NATO
By Jack Kimball | Reuters – 2 hrs 2 mins ago
KABUL (Reuters) – Personal grievances (chuyện buồn bực cá nhân), battle stress (căng thẳng chiến trận), and domestic problems (những khó khăn xã hội) are behind more attacks by rogue (phản nghịch) Afghan security forces on NATO troops than are Taliban infiltrators (bọn xâm nhập), the coalition (lực lượng đồng minh) said on Monday.
Western forces have stepped up (đẩy mạnh) security (cộng tác an ninh) to prevent more attacks, after the killing of 17 foreign soldiers by Afghan security personnel this year, NATO spokesman Brigadier General (chuẩn tướng) Carsten Jacobson told reporters.
In some cases, (trong nhiều trường hợp) that includes increased protection on hand (có sẵn trong tay//readily available) in case more Afghans turn their guns on Western mentors (người huấn luyện). A series of insider attacks (tấn công nội bộ) has raised doubts over (làm tăng cao sự nghi ngại về) the ability of local forces to take over (nhận bàn giao, tiếp nhận trách nhiệm) security responsibility.
“The vast majority (of reasons for attacks) lie in the individual. Personal reasons, personal grievances are one of the major causes,” Jacobson told reporters.
“One of the things that we are finding (tìm thấy, phát hiện ra) is that in many cases there were signs and symptoms that could have been seen, and leadership has to be improved to make sure that those signs are seen in the future, in time before an incident (sự vụ, sự cố) happens.”
The rise in insider attacks on foreign soldiers has stoked (lám dấy nên, khơi lên) fears that either Afghan soldiers and police have turned against their colleagues, or the security force has been infiltrated by Taliban insurgents (quân nổi dậy).
Last month, an Afghan general said the Taliban have a sophisticated system (hệ thống tinh vi) in place (có sẵn) to breach (xuyên thủng) Afghanistan’s security forces.
Attacks by Afghan forces against NATO have grown more frequent as relations between the Kabul government and its western backers (những người hỗ trợ) has frayed (sa sút, gay gắt) A U.S. soldier has been charged with killing 17 Afghan civilians in a village massacre (vụ thãm sát) last month, and the inadvertent (vô tình) burning of copies of the Koran at a major NATO base (căn cứ lớn của NATO) in February sparked (làm nổ ra) days of rioting.
After the killing of the villagers in Kandahar’s Panjwai district, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded (yêu cầu, request urgently and forcefully) foreign soldiers withdraw from the small bases which underpin (hỗ trợ, support) the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force’s anti-insurgency strategy ahead of the expected withdrawal of most foreign combat troops by the end of 2014.
U.S. commanders (sĩ quan tư lệnh) in Panjwai say they have not made any changes to their existing precautions against insider attacks.
Jacobson said Afghan counter-intelligence (phản gián) agents were being placed into local police and army units to stop attacks by looking for disgruntled (bất mãn) or distressed (buồn bực) personnel.
“A soldier that returns from leave has to be watched for any changes in his behavior, a soldier that has seen considerable battle stress has to be observed and a soldier who hasn’t been on leave for a long time has to be looked at,” Jacobson said.
(Editing by Rob Taylor and Daniel Magnowski)