10 December 2011 Last updated at 09:20 GMT
| g . l . o . s . s |
|braced for : chuẩn bị sẵn sàng cho (việc gì)
rally: cuộc tụ tập
claim: tuyên bố
fresh: mới, lại .. nữa
defy: bất chấp, không sợ
Tens of thousands of security force personnel (nhân sự lực lượng an ninh) have been deployed in Moscow ahead of the rally
Moscow is braced for (chuẩn bị sẵn sàng..) what the opposition claims will be the biggest demonstration in Russia for 20 years.
Tens of thousands (hàng chục ngàn người) are expected (ước tính sẽ có) to gather in a square south of the Kremlin, in the latest show of anger over disputed parliamentary polls.
Smaller rallies are taking place in cities across the country.
Protesters allege (cho là, cáo buộc) there was widespread fraud (tràn lan, rampant) in Sunday’s polls – though the ruling United Russia party saw its share of the vote fall sharply.
Hundreds of people have been arrested during anti-Putin protests over the past week, mainly in Moscow and St Petersburg.
At least 50,000 police and riot troops (lính, binh sĩ chống bạo động) have been deployed in Moscow ahead of Saturday’s protests.
The opposition says it is hoping for a turnout of (số người đổ ra đường) 30,000 in the capital in the demonstration dubbed (mang tên) “For Fair Elections”, due to begin at 14:00 (10:00 GMT).
Protests have already begun elsewhere, with several hundred marching in Vladivostok, seven timezones to the east of (cách 7 múi giờ về phía đông của) Moscow.
Protest relocated- dời địa điểm biểu tình
The BBC’s Daniel Sandford in Moscow says in the past week, the city has resembled a police state (nhà nước cảnh sát) rather than a democracy.
If the protests come even close to expectations, they will shake the 12-year-long political domination (ngự trị) of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, he says.
The authorities permitted demonstrations to take place in specific locations in certain cities after negotiations with opposition leaders.
In Moscow, the two sides reached a deal by which authorities would allow a high-turnout if the rally was relocated from downtown Revolution Square to Bolotnaya Square, a narrow island in the Moscow River.
In St Petersburg, 13,000 people have pledged on the social networking site Vkontakte to take part in protests, with another 20,000 saying they might take part.
Authorities have granted permission (cho phép) for a demonstration in one location, but say protests anywhere else will be illegal and will be dealt with (xử lý).
RUSSIA’S NEW DISSENT
- 24 Sept: Vladimir Putin announces he is aiming to return to the presidency for a third term, to dismay of (thất vọng, ê chề ) liberal opponents
- 20 Nov: Putin booed at martial arts fight
- 4 Dec: Parliamentary elections: United Russia win, but suffer sharp drop in support to under 50%
- 5 and 6 Dec: Mass protests in Moscow and elsewhere; protesters chant (hô to) “Russia without Putin!” Hundreds are arrested
- 10 Dec: Fresh protests called
The official results of the elections to Russia’s
The official results of the elections to Russia’s Duma showed that the ruling (cầm quyền) United Russia party saw (chứng kiến, trải nghiệm, gặp) its share of the vote fall from 64% to 49%, though it remained easily the biggest party.
But there is a widespread view, fuelled by (như được đổ thêm dầu) mobile phone videos and accounts on internet social networking sites (trang mạng xã hội), that there was wholesale (từ điển, widespread, rampant) election fraud (gian lận bầu cử, vote-rigging) and that Mr Putin’s party cheated its way to victory (chiến thắng bằng gian lận), our correspondent says.
On Friday, the presidential Council for Human Rights advising Mr Medvedev said the reports of vote-rigging (gian lận bầu cử, election fraud) were of deep concern, and that the elections should be rerun (làm lại, tổ chức lại) if they were confirmed.
However the council has no power to order a fresh ballot (bỏ phiếu lại), correspondents say.
Earlier this week, security experts said attempts had been made to counter online dissent in Russia, with hijacked PCs being used to drown out (làm sập mạng) online chat on Twitter.
Analysis of the many pro-Kremlin messages posted to some discussions suggested (cho thấy..) they were sent by machines, according to security firm Trend Micro.
The authorities have arrested hundreds of people
These are the most significant street protests against Mr Putin since he took power (lên nắm chính quyền), our correspondent says – but at this point they are not drawing the big numbers they would need to really put the Kremlin in trouble (gây khó cho ai).
It will be a question of seeing whether the momentum (đà, xung lực) builds and spreads from the metropolitan (của thành phố thủ phủ này) middle classes.
Even so, our correspondent adds, it is an extraordinary thing to witness (see) Mr Putin under fire (bị tấn công) like this.
Mr Putin, who was president between 2000 and 2008, remains widely predicted to win a presidential election in March.
On Thursday, he blamed the US for stoking (thêm dầu, nạp nhiên liệu) the recent unrest, after Secretary of State Hilary Clinton expressed reservations (sự nghi ngờ) over the poll.
The prime minister said Mrs Clinton’s remarks had “set the tone (đưa ra giọng điệu) for some opposition activists”.