New powers for Russia’s FSB alarm rights activists

Quyền lực mới cho Sở An ninh Liên bang Nga khiến những nhà hoạt động nhân quyền phải cảnh giác

A Yabloko opposition activist holds a poster condemning the new law on Red Square, 26 July  
An opposition poster showing Mr Putin (right) alongside Soviet secret police chiefs
Một tờ áp phích đối lập vẽ Putin bên cạnh những trùm mật vụ Sô viết khác.

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Russia has expanded (mở rộng) the powers of its FSB secret police in a move  (động thái) that has alarmed (làm .. phải cảnh giác) human rights activists.

The KGB’s successor (tổ chức kế tục) can now officially warn citizens against “creating the conditions” for crimes.

Anyone obstructing (cản trở) an FSB officer or refusing to obey a legal request (từ chối tuân theo yêu cầu pháp lý) made by an FSB officer faces either a fine or up to 15 days’ detention.

Human rights groups fear the FSB is being put above the law. (Các nhóm nhượng quyền e ngại tổ chức FSB giờ đây đã đứng trên luật pháp

President Dmitry Medvedev signed the amendments  (ký tu chỉnh) to the law on the Federal Security Service (FSB) after it passed through both houses  (hai viện) of the largely pro-government (chủ yếu lả phe thân chính phủ) parliament where, correspondents note, it provoked unusually strong debate (sự tranh luận gay gắt).

Sergei Mironov, the speaker of the upper house – the Federation Council (Hội đồng Liên bang) – said the security services had quite enough power already without the new legislation.

‘Beyond reasonable bounds’ – Vượt quá giới hạn hợp lý

Russian human rights organisations had urged President Medvedev not to sign the bill, arguing that its wording was too vague (mơ hồ) and open to abuse (dễ bị lạm dụng).

Of particular concern (đáng lo ngại) was the section (chương) of the new law granting the FSB the right to “warn officially an individual about the inadmissibility of actions (hành động không thể chấp nhận được) that create the conditions for the commission of crimes (thực hiện tội phạm)”.

Urging Mr Medvedev to veto the bill (phủ quyết dự luật), the Memorial human rights organisation said the power of the FSB had “long ago gone beyond reasonable bounds”, and that it was asking for powers more rightly held by prosecutors (mà đúng hơn là do bên công tố nắm giữ) .

Memorial accused the FSB of seeking “preventative” powers (quyền tấn công phòng ngừa) like those used by the KGB to persecute dissidents (truy bức người bất đồng).

Since its creation (từ lúc hình thành) after the collapse of the USSR in the 1990s, the FSB has grown in strength (phát triển quyền lực), particularly under Vladimir Putin, who served as its director in 1998-99 before becoming prime minister, then president.

Officially, its focus has been on fighting domestic terrorism (nạn khủng bố trong nước), particularly that emanating from (bắt nguồn từ) Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus, but critics believe it has been used to intimidate (dọa nạt) legal opposition (phe đối lập hợp pháp, chống lại) to the Kremlin.


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